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The backbone of the country and the one that protects us 24/7 for 365 days without any complaints and demands is the Indian Army. And that’s the reason why it is one of the most dignified works along with The Indian Air Force and Navy also.
If you are also looking to join the Indian Army, there are a few things that you should know, like how to join, what exam to crack, but most importantly, you must know all about the Indian Army- its structure and commands. It is because one day you have to be there, and having a complete understanding of the place where you belong is always necessary.
So, here in this article, we will help you understand the Indian Army’s structure and commands.
Structure and Commands of the Indian Army
There are very few people who know that the Indian Army is one of the largest armies in the world. It consists of more than 13 lakh serving people. And to run this grand structure, it is necessary to be classified and categorised everything in order to have the perfect coordination at the time of any sudden emergency.
Therefore, the army is divided into commands and placed in a certain way that makes it ideal for any country to attack or face enemies.
1. Central Command
The Central Command is a part of the 7 Commands of the Indian Army. The place was first established in 1963 but then disbanded in 1946. Moreover, on 1 May 1963, the command was re-established again because of the Sino-Indian War of 1962.
The Central Command’s area of responsibility are:
- Uttar Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
Established Year: 1963
Commander (Present): Lt. Gen B.S Negi
War History: This command has participated in World War II.
Location: Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
2. Northern Command
It was initially formed in 1908 as the Northern Army of the British Indian Army. The Northern Command was discarded in 1947 during India’s independence. But it was later raised again in 1972. Moreover, the XVI Corps and XIV Corps handle the command and its operational units.
Established Year: 1972
Commander (Present): Lt. Gen Devraj Anbu
Location: Udhampur, Jammu & Kashmir
3. Western Command
Founded in 1920, the place was disbanded and demoted to an independent district. Later, it was merged with the Northern command to form the North-Western Army. And later, in 1947, the place again took its command.
Established Year: 1947
Commander (Present): Lieutenant General Surinder Singh
War History: Indo-Pak Wars of 1947, 1965, and 1971
Location: Chandimandir, Haryana
4. Eastern Command
The critical fact about this command is that only the three-star rank officers and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C).
Established Year: 1920
Commander (Present): Lt. Gen Abhay Krishna
War History: Indo-Pak War 1971
Location: Kolkata, West Bengal
5. Southern Command
This particular command has seen actions during the integrations of many Princely States into modern India. Also participated in the act of Indian liberation of Goa.
Established Year: 1908
Commander (Present): Lieutenant General Dewan Rabindranath Soni
War History: Indo-Pak War 1965, 1971
Location: Pune, Maharashtra
6. South-Western Command
Firstly, the command was made in response to the imminent threat and risks on the Western Indo-Pak border.
Established Year: 2005
Commander (Present): Let. Gen Cherish Mathson
Location: Jaipur, Rajasthan
7. Army Training Command
Also abbreviated as ATRAC, the command acts as a nodal agency to all the training institutes in the Army.
Established Year: 1991
Commander (Present): Lieutenant General Manoj Mukund Naravane
Location: Shimla, Himachal Pradesh